Question and answer details
|Authorizing a Non-Muslim to Slaughter the Sacrificial Animal|
|Dear scholars, as-salamu `alaykum.I want to offer a sacrifice in `Eid Al-Adha. However, I am not efficient in slaughtering. Can I authorize my Christian neighbor to slaughter the animal for me? Is it legally permissible? Jazakum Allah khayran.|
|IOL Shari`ah Researchers|
Wa `alaykum As-Salamu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.
Dear questioner, we would like to thank you for the great confidence you place in us, and we implore Allah, the Almighty to help us serve His cause and render our work for His Sake alone.
A Muslim is recommended to slaughter his udhiyah (sacrificial animal) by himself. If he cannot do it himself, he can authorize another Muslim to slaughter on his behalf, and he should be present while his animal is being slaughtered, for this incurs great reward. On the other hand, a Muslim can authorize a non-Muslim from among the People of the Book to undertake the slaughtering for him.
In this regard, the late Muslim scholar Dr. Ahmad Ash-Sharabasi, Professor of `Aqeedah and Philosophy at Al-Azhar University stated:
It is originally recommended for a Muslim to slaughter his udhiyah by himself, if he can do it efficiently. He should start by saying "Bismillah, Allahu Akbar (In the Name of Allah, Allah is Greatest). O Allah, this sacrifice is offered by so-and-so" and mention his name. It is reported by Jabir that he witnessed the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) at the congregation of `Eid Al-Adha Prayer. After giving the `Eid sermon, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) ascended his pulpit, took a sheep, slaughtered it himself and said, “Bismillah, Allahu Akbar. O Allah, I offer this sacrifice for my own and for anyone of my Ummah who could not offer sacrifice."
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