Question and answer details
|Dear scholars, as-salamu `alaykum.After completing my Hajj, can I perform `Umrah on behalf of my deceased mother? If yes, what’s the benefit for either myself or my mother, since as I understand `Umrah is for expiation of sins? Also, I noticed a lot of people doing extra Tawaf on a daily basis. Is this permissible? Can a person make Tawaf on behalf of deceased or living relatives? What is the rule here?Jazakum Allah khayran.|
AnswerWa `alaykum as-salamu wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh.
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.
Dear questioner, we appreciate your concern about your mother. Honoring one’s parents is a means of entering Paradise. So, it is the duty of children to show gratitude to their parents for rearing them and taking care of them when they were young. May Allah bless your efforts and help you.
It is permissible for one to do extra `Umrahs after Hajj, especially if one is unable to undertake independent journeys for `Umrah. One can do so either on behalf of oneself or on behalf of one’s deceased parents by going to Tan`eem (the closest boundary of Al-Haram) or another boundary of Al-Haram (the sacred territory) or going to Madinah and returning to Makkah with another ihram.
Likewise, one is also allowed to perform extra Tawafs for oneself or others. However, when doing so on behalf of others, one should formulate the intention for the same prior to doing it.
In his response to your question, Sheikh Ahmad Kutty, a senior lecturer and Islamic scholar at the Islamic Institute of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, states:
There are essentially two prevailing views among scholars on this issue: According to the first view, `Umrah proper, aside from that which is included in the tamattu` or qiran types of Hajj, should be done with an independent journey from the start. This is how it was done by the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) and his Companions. The only exception to this was the special permission granted to `A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) because of her special circumstances. For when the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) found her weeping over the fact that she was prevented from performing `Umrah because of her menstruation, he felt pity for her and ordered her brother `Abdur-Rahman to escort her to Tan`eem in order for her to enter Makkah in a state of ihram for performing `Umrah, so that like everyone else she would be able to do `Umrah in addition to her Hajj. According to these scholars, the permission granted in this case was reserved only for those who are in a similar situation like that of `A’ishah, and it cannot be extended generally.
A second group, however, holds a more liberal view. According to them, the permission granted to `A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) need not be interpreted in a restrictive sense. Rather, it can be taken as a general dispensation for anyone who wishes to perform extra `Umrahs. Should they wish to do so they can go to the nearest boundary of Al-Haram, such as Tan`eem or elsewhere, and return to Makkah with ihram for `Umrah. These scholars are guided in this ruling by the general spirit of liberality and latitude inherent in the Shari`ah. It is worth remembering that this spirit of liberality was evident in the way the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) answered the numerous questions put to him by his Companions in his Farewell Hajj. He told each and every one who asked him a question about the minor variations in the performance of rites, “Do so without any inhibition or blame.”
In light of the above, it is permissible for you to do extra `Umrahs in this way if you wish to do so, especially if you are unable to undertake independent journeys for `Umrah. You can do so either on behalf of yourself or on behalf of your deceased parents by going to Tan`eem or another boundary of Al-Haram or going to Madinah and returning to Makkah with another ihram.
Likewise, you are also allowed to perform extra Tawafs for yourself or others. However, while doing so on behalf of others you should formulate the intention for the same in your own mind prior to doing it. In the case of extra `Umrah, the intention should be formulated when you assume ihram for the same. According to many scholars, it is permissible for us to donate rewards of our good deeds to our deceased parents or relatives. Since there is nothing to limit it to certain types of `ibadat (acts of worship) such as Hajj and charity, it is perfectly fine to extend it to recitations of Qur’an, `Umrahs, Tawafs, and so on.
Allah Almighty knows best.
Excerpted, with slight modifications, from: www.islam.ca