Question and answer details
|Dear scholars, as-salamu `alaykum. After completing my Hajj, can I perform `Umrah on behalf of my deceased mother? If yes, what’s the benefit for either myself or my mother, since I understand that `Umrah is for expiation of sins? Also, I noticed a lot of people doing extra tawaf on a daily basis. Is this permissible? Can a person make tawaf on behalf of deceased or living relatives? What is the rule here? Jazakum Allah khayran.|
AnswerWa `alaykum as-salamu wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh.
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.
Dear brother in Islam, we would like to thank you for showing keenness on knowing the teachings of Islam and we appreciate the great confidence you have in us. We hope our efforts meet your expectations.
It is permissible for one to do extra `Umrahs after Hajj, especially if one is unable to undertake independent journeys for `Umrah. One can do so either on behalf of oneself or on behalf of one’s deceased parents by going to Tan`eem (the closest boundary of Al-Haram) or another boundary of Al-Haram (the sacred territory) or going to Madinah and returning to Makkah with another ihram.
Likewise, one is also allowed to perform extra tawafs for oneself or others. However, when doing so on behalf of others, one should formulate the intention for the same prior to doing it.
In his response to your question, Sheikh Ahmad Kutty, a senior lecturer and Islamic scholar at the Islamic Institute of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, states:
There are essentially two prevailing views among scholars on this issue. According to the first view, `Umrah proper, aside from that which is included in the tamattu` or qiran types of Hajj, should be done with an independent journey from the start. This is how it was done by the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) and his Companions. The only exception to this was the special permission granted to `A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) because of her special circumstances. For when the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) found her weeping over the fact that she was prevented from performing `Umrah because of her menstruation, he felt pity for her and ordered her brother `Abdur-Rahman to escort her to Tan`eem in order for her to enter Makkah in a state of ihram for performing `Umrah, so that like everyone else she would be able to do `Umrah in addition to her Hajj. According to these scholars, the permission granted in this case was reserved only for those who are in a similar situation like that of `A’ishah, and it cannot be extended generally.
A second group, however, holds a more liberal view. According to them, the permission granted to `A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) need not be interpreted in a restrictive sense. Rather, it can be taken as a general dispensation for anyone who wishes to perform extra `Umrahs. Should they wish to do so they can go to the nearest boundary of Al-Haram, such as Tan`eem or elsewhere, and return to Makkah with ihram for `Umrah. These scholars are guided in this ruling by the general spirit of liberality and latitude inherent in the the Shari`ah. It is worth remembering that this spirit of liberality was evident in the way the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) answered the numerous questions put to him by his Companions in his Farewell Hajj. He told each and every one who asked him a question about the minor variations in the performance of rites, “Do so without any inhibition or blame.”
Allah Almighty knows best.
Excerpted, with slight modifications, from: www.islam.ca.