Question and answer details
|As-salamu `alaykum.I tend to perform `Umrah every year once or more, until it has become something I cannot give up. One of my friends told me that repeating `Umrah is reprehensible. So I would like to know if repeating `Umrah is permissible or not?|
|Muhammad Ahmad Al-Musayyar|
Wa`alaykum as-salam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh.
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.
We would like to say that the majority of scholars see that it is recommended to perform more than one `Umrah during the year.
In his response to your question, the late prominent Muslim scholar Dr. Muhammad Ahmad Al-Musayyar, professor of Islamic creed and philosophy at Al-Azhar University, Egypt, states,
Almighty Allah says, (And complete the Hajj or `Umrah for Allah) (Al-Baqarah 2:196). Thus, Hajj is one of the pillars of Islam, and `Umrah is an obligation by the view of the majority of scholars. The difference between Hajj and `Umrah is that Hajj is limited to the months of Shawwal, Dhul-Qi`dah, and Dhul-Hijjah. Almighty Allah says, (The pilgrimage is (in) the well-known months) (Al-Baqarah 2:197).
However, `Umrah can be performed all year long. Imam Abu Hanifah sees that performing `Umrah on the Day of `Arafah, the Day of Sacrifice, and the Days of Tashreeq is reprehensible.
In addition, Hajj has certain rituals that are not included in `Umrah such as standing on `Arafat on the ninth day of Dhul-Hijjah and throwing the pebbles. Yet, there are rituals that are performed in both, Hajj and `Umrah, and they are: Ihram, Tawaf, going between Safa and Marwah, shaving and shortening the hair (for men only), and avoiding the impermissible things of Ihram, such as wearing sewn garments, hunting, and entering a marriage contract.
In regards to the virtues of Hajj and `Umrah, Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) said, "A `Umrah to a `Umrah is a kaffarah (expiation) for what is between [i.e. sins], and the Hajj mabrur (accepted) does not have a reward but Paradise itself." Based on this hadith, Imam Shafi`i and the majority of scholars see that it is recommended to perform more than one `Umrah during the year. It is a worship that brings people closer to Allah and it is a visit to the place of goodness and purity.
In addition, there is no evidence prohibiting repeating the `Umrahs. The mentioned hadith is a proof that the ruling of repeating Hajj is different than `Umrah. If `Umrah is only to be done once a year like Hajj, then their reward would have been the same.
Moreover, `A'ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) performed `Umrah twice in a month. It was also reported that `Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) used to offer `Umrah many times a year.
Additionally, `Umrah has a special reward when performed in Ramadan. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) advised a woman who was not able to accompany him for Hajj by saying: "Perform a `Umrah when Ramadan comes, because a `Umrah in Ramadan equals a Hajj" (Muslim).
Allah Almighty knows best.