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Is Jesus God According to the Quran?

Question and answer details
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2012/09/20
Muslims say that there is no where in the Bible where it says Jesus is God. As Allah’s names are mentioned in the Quran, similarly the Bible mentions the same names referring to Jesus as God: 1. The Truth is al-Haq 2. The Resurrection is al-Baith 3. The Alpha and the Omega is al-Awal and al-Akhir, the first and the last 4. King of Kings is al-Malik 5. “I am the door” is al-Hadi. 6. I am the light is al-Noor. Can you prove otherwise?
AAI Editorial Staff
Answer

This answer was kindly provided by Brother Maan Khalife, a member of Ask About Islam Editorial Staff.

Peace be upon you,

Thank you for your question and for contacting Ask About Islam.

There is common misunderstanding among people quoting verses from religious books by selecting a statement from a verse, or selecting a whole verse and interpreting it incorrectly. To understand a statement or a verse, one needs to read the verses before and the verses after otherwise the meaning will be out of context. For example, if my cat is pretty ugly but I omit the word ugly and tell you: “my cat is pretty…” the result becomes completely opposite of the actual fact.

The Quran and the Gospel contain sometimes very short verses that cannot be interpreted properly unless verses before it and after it are also quoted to give us the big picture.

There is a general claim that Jesus (peace be upon him) is God by misquoting the Quran and the Christian Gospel where it mentions some of the attributes of Jesus and referencing it to the attributes of Allah. The first name quoted is Al-Haq, meaning the Truth, which is mentioned in John 14:6 from the King James Version:

[Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me]

I advise the reader to refer to John 14:1-21 for a complete picture about the meaning of this verse. As a prophet sent from God, Jesus (peace be upon him) is telling us if you need to know God, you must come to me and I will tell you the truth about God; he is the way, meaning the messenger of God who will teach you the truth about all aspects of God pleasing life.

Note that in the entire Christian Gospel, there is no mention that Jesus (peace be upon him) said that he is God, the creator, or the Beneficent, one of the attributes of God that is exclusive to Him. The well known Muslim scholar, Salman al-Oadah explains:

There are two words which are used exclusively as names for Allah. No one else may be called by these names under any circumstances, regardless of the context or grammatical usage, and regardless of whether the words are being used as names or descriptions.

They are the name "Allah" itself and the name "al-Rahman" (the Beneficent).

Allah says: "Say: Call upon Allah or call upon the Beneficent, by whatever name you call upon Him, (it is well): for to Him belong the Most Beautiful Names." (Surah Al-Isra' 17: 110)

This is why no created being is ever called by these two names except that Allah has brought that person to disgrace… The rest of the words which are mentioned as names for Allah might possibly be used to describe others as well, in one way or another; for instance: "Seeing" and "Hearing". Allah says: {Indeed we created the human being from a mixed drop of fluid to test him, so we have made him hearing, seeing.} (Surah Al-Insan 76: 2)

The same can be said for gentle, merciful, lofty, great, well-acquainted, and the other words which are used as names for Allah. However, there is a great difference in the connotation of these words when used to describe Allah and others – the difference between Creator and creation. The reality and attributes of the human being are in conformity with the nature of a created being.”


So when Jesus (peace be upon him) says that he is the truth that does not mean that he is God, our creator.

The second attribute of Allah that was again taken out of context is Al-Baith, the Resurrector. The Gospel verse that is referenced by this claim was John 11:25-26:

[Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live: And whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die. Believest thou this?]

There is a big difference between the word “resurrection” and the word “resurrector”. Jesus (peace be upon him) is clearly explaining to us that the one who believes in his words which are from God, he shall never die; meaning his soul will live in bliss forever when he is resurrected by God, the Resurrector, the only One that can raise the dead from their graves and bring them back to life on the Day of Resurrection or Judgment Day. So resurrection is the act of resurrecting while resurrector is the one who resurrects people. Obviously only God Himself is worthy of this attribute and none of His creation; not even the most loved prophets to Him.

According to the Free Online Dictionary:

Resurrection – The act of rising from the dead or returning to life.

Resurrector – Noun of the verb resurrect - To bring back to life; raise from the dead. This means the one who brings back to life.

The third claim is saying that Jesus (peace be upon him) said about himself that he is the Alpha and the Omega as in Revelation 22:13:

[I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last.]

We must go back to Revelation 22:6 to understand that God, the creator, is the one who is talking not Jesus (peace be upon him):

[And he said unto me, These sayings are faithful and true: and the Lord God of the holy prophets sent his angel to shew unto his servants the things which must shortly be done.]

Please read Revelation 22:6 – 13 in order to understand the entire context.

In Revelation 17:14, Jesus (peace be upon him) was compared to God as being the king, Al-Malik:

[These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him are called, and chosen, and faithful]

A king is someone who rules but does not own, and an owner is someone who owns but does not rule; but God owns and rules. Surely Jesus (peace be upon him) did not own not even his soul since God resurrected him and will bring him back one day and he himself said in multiple occasions in the Gospel that he does not act from his own self, it is God who guides him.

The fifth claim is saying that Jesus (peace be upon him) said in John 10:9 ‘I am the door’ making it equivalent to Allah’s attribute Al-Hadi, the Guide. Again two different meanings, ‘I am the door’ means no one can come in to the religion except through me since Jesus (peace be upon him) was given divine knowledge from God, while The Guide means that God is the only one that guides people to His religion if they themselves are ready to receive the truth. Note that Muhammad (peace be upon him) is also addressed as Al-Hadi, a well deserved title for Jesus (peace be upon him) but not in the above mentioned context.

The sixth claim says that in John 8:12 Jesus (peace be upon him) said that he is the light:

[Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life]

Similarly Muhammad (peace be upon him) is also addressed as light in the Quran:

{O Prophet! Truly We have sent thee as a Witness, a Bearer of Glad Tidings, and Warner. And as one who invites to Allah's (Grace) by His leave, and as a lamp spreading light.} (Al-Ahzab 33:45-46)

In short Jesus (peace be upon him) never claimed that he was God, the Creator nor the Beneficent; on the contrary when Jesus (peace be upon him) was conversing with Mary Magdelene he said that our God and his God are the same which proves that he was not God; John 20:17:

[Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God.]

If Jesus is God would he say that he is his own God? He was surely talking about the Creator as his and our God. Further this verse is telling us that the Father and God are one being and Jesus is a different being. If someone argues that he is the son of God therefore he is a God; that still separates him from God and therefore they cannot be one as the doctrine of trinity states since two nor three are equal one.

Furthermore, The Old Testament mentions in Exodus 4:22 that the prophet Israel is the son of God:

[And thou shalt say unto Pharaoh, Thus saith the LORD, Israel is my son, even my firstborn]

There are many other Gospel verses where other prophets are addressed as sons of God; meaning godly and not physically sons of God since begetting sons and daughters is an attribute of the human being for the continuation of the human race while God is One and only and is not in need of offsprings.

In addition, Jesus’ followers called him a prophet as mentioned in Matthew 21:11:

[And the multitude said, This is Jesus the prophet of Nazareth of Galilee.]

One must understand that a doctrine or creed of any religion must be based on solid verses from its religious book and not based on a couple of verses that were proven not to be part of the original scripture text. Please watch the following video series to understand the details: Missionary Deception.

For an English translation of the Quran, please refer to this link:

I hope this helps address your concerns.

Salam and please keep in touch.

Useful links:

Did Jesus Claim That He Is God?

Is Jesus God?

Is Jesus the Son of God?

Is Jesus the Incarnation of God?

Understanding Allah, Jesus, and the Holy Spirit

Who Created God?

What is Allah’s Name?

God’s Name Al Malik (the King)

God’s Name Al-Hadi (the Guide)

The Light of Allah and the Light of the Prophet
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