Question and answer details
|As-salamu Alaykum. May Allah reward you for your service. My question is: Did Prophet `Isa (Jesus) marry? If not, why? Thanks|
To find out whether Jesus married or not, we are limited to the historical sources at hand. These are the Quran and the books of the New Testament. The former is the only remaining preserved divine book, that is and proved to be the authentic unchanged word of God.
The New Testament, on the other hand, is a collection of human records of the story of Jesus (the four Gospels) and other selected literature (epistles, visions, etc).
The Quran does not go into much detail (as human writings do), but highlights certain aspects and features of the life stories of the previous prophets. The aim is not so much to put their stories on record as to give lessons and wisdom.
The stories of prophets Abraham, Joseph, Moses, and Jesus are given relatively more detail in the Quran. Although the Quran states that prophets do marry and have children:
Yet, there is no mention whatsoever of the marriage or a wife of Jesus.
Yet again, no mention whatsoever is there of a wife. Hence, with the information and sources at hand, we can conclude that, most probably, Jesus did not marry.
This is in harmony with the character and message of Jesus. He came to correct the deviation of Judaism from pure monotheism and divine guidance to a materialistic approach to life, a superficial approach to rites and hard-hearted application of law. So, Jesus emphasized the purification of heart and soul, and the revival of the true essence of belief, rites, and law.
For the prevailing materialistic world he came to guide, his life was a model of asceticism and turning away from material desires. This gives further weight to the belief that Jesus did not marry. Allah knows best.