Question and answer details
|Respected scholars! As-Salamu `alaykum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. May you have a happy and blessed Ramadan! Now, the end of Ramadan is approaching. I heard that a Muslim's fast will not be accepted unless he pays Zakatul-Fitr. Please shed light on the rules and significance of this kind of Zakah.|
AnswerWa`alaykum as-salamu wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh.
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.
In fact, all of us wish if the blessed month of Ramadan could be a month for the whole year. However, by the end of Ramadan, true Muslims anticipate the great reward for their devotion and dedication to their Creator, Allah Almighty. Every Muslim earnestly implores Allah to accept his Fasting. Zakat Al-Fitr was declared by the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, as a perquisite for the acceptance of fasting. It is meant to cement the relationship between the members of the Muslim society, to alleviate the pain of the poor, to cultivate the sense of brotherhood and solidarity in the hearts of the Muslims, etc.
Zakat Al-Fitr is incumbent on every free Muslim who possesses one Sa` (2.176 kilograms or 4.797 pounds) of dates or barley which is not needed as a basic food for himself or his family for the duration of one day and night. Every free Muslim must pay Zakat Al-Fitr for himself, his wife, children, and servants.
Ibn `Umar, may Allah be pleased with them both, said, "The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, enjoined the payment of one Sa` of dates or one Sa` of barley as Zakat Al-Fitr on every Muslim, young and old, male and female, free and slave." (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim.)
Shedding more light on this issue, we'd like to cite for you the following fatwa on Zakat Al-Fitr issued by Dr. Muzammil Siddiqi, President of the Fiqh Council of North America who states:
Allah Almighty knows best.