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Wednesday, Sep 03 , 2014 ( Thul-Qedah, 1435)

Updated:10:00 PM GMT

Muslim Scholars for Banning FGM

By Sobhy Mujahid, IOL Correspondent
IOL Correspondent
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"Circumcision is obligatory for only males according to the religious and medical evidence," said Qaradawi.
CAIRO — Muslim scholars from around the world have called for banning the Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) and pressed for a legislation criminalizing the practice. 

"Female genital circumcision is harming women psychologically and physically," the scholars said Thursday, November 23, in a joint statement wrapping up a Cairo-hosted conference on the ugly phenomenon.

"Therefore, the FGM practice must be stopped as Islam is totally against harming human beings."

The FGM, which involves the full or partial removal of the clitoris, is common in many Islamic and African countries.

The procedure was legally practiced by doctors in the United States until  1996. Reports said that the practice dates back to the Pharaohs.

Parents who support the practice argue that it helps prevent promiscuous behavior in their daughters.

"The FGM is an old habit practiced by some Muslims in a number of countries with no ground from a Qur'anic text or hadith," added the statement.

"The FGM is considered an abuse that requires punishment."

Muslim scholars for decades have emphasized that there is no Islamic basis for the very harmful practice, which causes many deaths among young girls each year.

The conference was organized by Egypt's Darul Ifta in cooperation with German human rights group Target.

It brought together prominent Muslim scholars from 13 Arab, African and European countries.

Prominent among attendees were also Grand Imam of Al-Azhar Sheikh Mohamed Sayyed Tantawi and Egypt's Grand Mufti Ali Gomaa.

No Evidence

Prominent Muslim scholar Sheikh Yusuf al-Qaradawi said there is no evidence in the Noble Qur'an confirming the FGM.

"Circumcision is necessary for only males according to the religious and medical evidence," added Qaradawi, the president of the International Union for Muslim Scholars (IUMS).

"But scholars are at odds over the FGM whether the practice is a must or favorable," he added, underlining that banning FGM was permissible.

Gomaa said no examples of the FGM could be found in the life of Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessing be upon him).

"Prophet Muhammad didn't circumcise his [four] daughters," he added. 

Attendees have pressed for legislation "criminalizing the FGM and those practicing it".

Mushira Khattab, the Secretary-General of Egypt's National Council for Motherhood and Childhood (NCCM), said that the FGM was a violation of the women's right.

The conference called on regional and international parties to acquaint people with the rights sound bases of dealing with women and ending the FGM practice.

They also urged educational and media institutions to highlight the FGM harms and its negative consequences in the society.

Related Links:
Female Circumcision: Is It Really Obligatory?
Medical Ethics of Male Circumcision
Female Circumcision Not Obligatory: Qaradawi
Female Circumcision Not Obligatory: Qaradawi
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